IoT Security Technologies
IoT Security Technologies
The world of the Internet of Things (IoT) may be thrilling and exciting, but there are also many technical challenges that need to be addressed on a wide platform. IoT security breaches have been dominating the technology headlines lately. In a survey of security professionals, 96% of them agreed to a great increase in IoT security breaches this year. Many governments and agencies have also agreed to the incidences of security breaches for spying, conversation recording etc.
IoT security is an area of endeavor concerned with safeguarding the devices connected and also the number of networks in an Internet of Things. The IoT involves the increasing popularity of connected the devices, so-called Things, provided with a unique identity and their ability to transfer data over a network. Much of the IoT applications come from the embedded sensor devices used in industries for M2M communication, smart-grids, automation etc.
The core of the problem is that because the outline of networking the physical devices is new, the issues related to security were ignored during product design. Most of the IoT products are sold with unpatched embedded software. But recently, security factor is a major concern and many major players are into developing IoT security protocols and applications.
Based on Forrester Research analysis the six most trusted IoT security technologies are as described:
- IoT Network Security:
Securing the network connecting IoT devices to back-end-systems on the internet. This is a bit more complicated due to a wide range of protocols, standards, and device capabilities. Involves key features like intrusion detection, prevention etc.
- IoT authentication:
Providing ability to the users to authenticate an IoT device which may include simple passwords, biometrics etc. The challenge is, most of the systems are machine-to-machine based without human intervention.
- IoT encryption:
Encrypting data while communication between devices, using various encryption algorithms helps to maintain data integrity. The major concern deals with device capabilities to support the standard encryption processes and protocols.
- IoT PKI:
Providing complete X.509 digital certiﬁcate and cryptographic key and life-cycle capabilities, including public/private key generation, distribution, management, and revocation. The hardware specs for some IoT devices may limit or prevent their ability to utilize PKI.
- IoT security analytics:
Collecting, monitoring and normalizing data from IoT devices and providing actions reporting and also alerting on specific activities when devices fail to perform under established policies. IoT security analytics will be required on higher demand to avoid and detect IoT device intrusion.
- IoT API security:
API security will be essential for protecting the integrity of data transiting between edge devices and back-end systems to ensure that only authorized devices, developers, and apps are communicating with APIs. This may ensure detecting potential threats and attacks against speciﬁc APIs.
It’s complicated when simple things connect to become a vast network that reaches everywhere. IoT standards are important catalysts but still need time to mature.