What is Swift –Enumeration?


An Enumeration is a user defined data type which consists of set of related values. To represent Enumeration the keyword is enum which is used to define enumerated data type.

Enumeration Functionality

Enumeration in swift 3 is also similar to the structure of C and Objective C.

  • It is declared in a class and its values are accessed using the instance of that class.
  • Initial member value is defined using enum intializers.
  • enum can conform to protocols to provide standard functionality.
Enumeration Syntax

Enumerations are introduced with the enum keyword and place their entire definition within a pair of braces as below −

enum enum_name {

// enumeration values are declared here


For example, you can define an enumeration for days of week as follows −

enum Days_of_Week {

case Sun

case Mon

case Tue

case Wed

case Thu

case Fri

case Sat



enum names {

case Swift

case Closures


var lang = names.Closures     // Setting the value to lan var using the enum names.

lang = .Closures                    // onces type is set we can use the .enumvalue to assign the var

switch lang {

case .Swift:

print(“Welcome to Swift 3”)

case .Closures:   print(“enum & Closures”)


print(“Introduction to swift 3”)


Running the above program using playground, we get the result as below −

enum & Closures

Swift enumeration does not assign its members default value similar to C and Objective C. It’s members are explicitly defined by their enumeration names. Enumeration name should begin with a capital letter (Ex: enum Days_of_Week).

var weekDay = Days_of_Week.Sun

Here the Enumeration name ‘Days_of_Week’ is assigned to a variable weekday.Sun. It tells the compiler that the datatype belongs to Sun will be assigned to subsequent enum members of that particular class.

Enumeration with Switch Statement

Switch statement in swift also follows the multi way selection. At a time only one variable is accessed at a particular time based on the specified condition for switch. Default case in switch statement is provided to trap unspecified cases.

enum Climate {

case India

case Antarctica

case korea

case Australia


var season = Climate. Antarcticaseason

season = . Antarcticaswitch {

case .India:

print(“Climate is very Hot”)

case .America:

print(“Climate is very Cold”)

case .Korea:

print(“Climate is Moderate”)

case .Australia:

print(“Climate is hottest in summer”)


print(“Climate is unpredictable”)}

When we run to see the result for this program using playground, we get output as −

Climate is very Cold

The program first defines Climate as the enumeration name. Then its members like ‘India’, Antarctica, Korea and ‘Australia’ are declared belonging to class ‘Climate’. Now the member Antarctica is assigned to a Season Variable. Further, Switch case will see the values corresponding to . Antarctica and it will branch to that particular statement. The output will be displayed as “Climate is very Cold”. Similar all the members can be accessed through switch statements. If the condition is not present it will execute the default option that will print  default value ‘Climate is unpredictable’.

Enumeration can be further classified into two type associated values and raw values.

swift enums


Difference between Associated Values and Raw Values
Associated Values Raw Values
Different Datatypes Present Same Datatypes Present
Ex: enum {11,0.9,”Start”} Ex: enum {10,45,70}
Values are created based on constant or variable Prepopulated Values
Varies when declared each time Value for member is same
Enum with Associated Values

enum Student {

case Name(String)

case Mark(Int,Int,Int)


var student_Details = Student.Name(“Swift 3”)

var student_Marks = Student.Mark(198,197,195)

switch student_Marks {

case .Name(let student:_Name):

print(“Student name is as follows :: \(student_Name).”)

case .Mark(let Mark1, let Mark2, let Mark3):

print(“Student Marks present in 3 subjects are: \(Mark1),\(Mark2),\(Mark3).”)

default:      print(“Nothing”)}

After running this code using playground, we get result :: −

Swift 3




var student_Details = Student.Name(“Swift 3”)

var student_Marks  = Student.Mark(198,197,195)

Above switch case prints student name if that case block is executed else it will print the marks secured by the student. If both the conditions doesn’t match, the default block gets executed.

Enum with Raw Values

Raw values can be represented by any value  characters, strings, or any of the integer or floating-point number data types. Each raw value must be unique within its enumeration declaration. Suppose we use integers for raw values, they are auto-increment if no value is specified for some of the enumeration members.

enum Month: Int {

case January = 1, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December


let yearMonth = Month.June.rawValue

println(“Value of this Month is: \(yearMonth).”)

Running the above code using playground, we get the following result as follows−

Value of this Month is: 6


Dinesh Choudhary

iOS Developer with 2+ years of experience.

Dinesh Choudhary

About Dinesh Choudhary

iOS Developer with 2+ years of experience.